FALLS CHURCH, Va. (AP) — A panel of federal appellate judges expressed concerns about ordering revisions to a government watchlist of roughly 1 million individuals labeled as “known or suspected terrorists,” despite a lower court finding that the list was constitutionally flawed. The 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Richmond, Virginia, heard arguments Tuesday on the constitutionality of the watchlist. Government lawyers urged the judges not to intervene in the list’s administration. They argue that the problems encountered by those on the list, like enhanced screening at airports, were too insignificant to merit intervention on constitutional grounds. Opponents of the watchlist say the burdens are significant for those who must live with them and that most are on the list for no good reason.
NEW YORK (AP) — Prosecutors say an Australian man has pleaded guilty to securities fraud for cheating investors of nearly $90 million by squandering money they spent on his cryptocurrency fund. Stefan He Qin entered the plea Thursday in Manhattan federal court. U.S. Attorney Audrey Strauss says the 24-year-old Qin spent money from investors on indulgences and speculative personal investments. She called it “brazen thievery.” Authorities said the fraud occurred from 2017 to 2020. Prosecutors said Qin cheated dozens of investors, including many in the United States. They said the fraud was revealed last summer when Qin was having difficulty meeting redemption requests from investors. Qin faces up to 20 years in prison at a May 20 sentencing.
The rising Latino population in the United States has been marginalized in an English-speaking society, and Spanish speakers increasingly find themselves as “language-less,” according to Dr. Jonathan Rosa of New York University. Rosa is an assistant professor and faculty fellow in the Department of Social and Cultural Analysis and Latino Studies Program at New York University. His lecture, titled “Spanglish Only? U.S. Language Ideologies and Latino Ethnolinguistic Identities,” discussed the way language plays a role in lives of Hispanic Americans. Rosa collected research from New Northwest High School, a Chicago public high school whose student body is more than 90 percent Mexican and Puerto Rican. The difference between Mexican and Puerto Rican Spanish was apparent in the Spanish-speaking community, but was not recognized by individuals who only spoke English, Rosa said. English-speakers tended to group all Spanish-speakers together into one Latino category. “Here is a symbolic relationship in which Latinos are imagined to embody the Spanish language and the Spanish language becomes emblematic of Latinos,” he said. Rosa said he interviewed many students from the high school about their language background. These students said the differences in pronunciation and rhythm between Puerto Rican and Mexican Spanish was acute. In an English-dominated society, native Spanish speakers are marginalized no matter what their background, he said. “Latinos can be doubly stigmatized through their presumed lack of English and Spanish language proficiency,” Rosa said. The term “bilingual” no longer means being proficient in two languages but instead deficiency in one language, he said. “As people who are expected to speak a language but then are understood to speak no language properly, Latinos are positioned as a linguistic inferior,” Rosa said. Rosa also said Latinos, even when speaking unaccented English, are stereotyped because others automatically associate their race with a language they do not understand. Some Latinos then pronounce Spanish words with an English accent or use the Spanish-English combination of “Spanglish.” “Competing forces require Latinos to signal that they are acceptable other by speaking Spanish in English without being heard to possess an accent,” he said. “Latinos manage these demands by integrating English and Spanish forms in newfound ways that signal their linguistic dexterity.” These linguistic problems are challenges for young people like the students at New Northwest High School as they move into adulthood and a professional, English-dominated world. “The expectation that Latinos should be proficient in English and Spanish ultimately stigmatizes them in relation to the two languages simultaneously and positions them as having no language.”
Demonic possession is “still very real,” Fr. Jeffrey Grob said in a lecture on campus Wednesday night. Grob, one of the official exorcists of the Archdiocese of Chicago, delivered a lecture titled “Evil and the Healing Ministry of Exorcism” at the Hesburgh Library Auditorium. He said he did not choose to become an exorcist but was appointed by Francis Cardinal George, Archbishop of Chicago. He joked about his profession to the full auditorium. “Anyone who wants to go into this line of work is out of their mind,” Grob said. “I’m still trying to figure out what I did to the Cardinal.” Grob described three causes of demonic possession: through a habit of sin, through direct involvement with the occult and through trauma or abuse. In cases of trauma, it’s not the event itself that opens the door to possession, but rather the victim’s ability to move forward in the healing process and let go of negative emotions, Grob said. “I have never seen a case of genuine demonic possession where there was not cooperation on some level,” Grob said. “Remember we have free will.” Grob has been an exorcist since 2006 and said he has developed “on some level a sixth sense” for identifying demonic possession. He listed the criteria that he uses to identify demonic possession. “I’m sure if you’ve seen the movies you’re familiar with them,” he said. He said one sign is the ability to converse in languages a person did not otherwise know. Possessed individuals are also “able to reveal secrets about other people that no one else could know,” Grob said. He said demonic possession can also cause extraordinary strength. Grob said he once exorcised a “skeletal elderly woman who five strong men could not hold down.” People who are possessed also cannot tolerate sacred images or places, he said. “All of these things are parlor tricks of the devil,” Grob said. “The devil is not on a level with God. He’s a creation and must use what’s there. Demons are very good at manipulating reality.” Grob offered advice for preventing and avoiding possession. “Demonic possession is rare,” he said. “For all the other stuff, what’s needed is prayer and the sacraments. Our Lord gave us these sacraments for a reason.” Grob said fear and isolation can contribute to possession and he recommended the Catholic sacrament of reconciliation as a means of resisting the devil. “If we are cooperating with the life of grace, we are pretty repulsive to the devil,” he said. “One good sacramental confession is more powerful than any number of exorcisms. … In confession, the creature stands before the creator and says, ‘I love you. I need you.’ And the devil can’t touch that.” Grob said that a possessed person still has a chance to be saved. “As long as there is life in the body,” he said, “there’s a chance for grace.” Students at the lecture said they enjoyed Grob’s delivery style and message. “I really liked [Grob],” senior Samuel Kaulbach said after the lecture. “He was really down-to-earth. I liked how he was skeptical and didn’t just spew fear. It was very comforting.” Senior Brittani Russell said she liked hearing about the Catholic Church’s means of combating possession. “I think it’s really scary to acknowledge that evil exists, but I think it’s important for us to know and to realize that the Church does have avenues to help us with this.”
College students should not feel the need to be constantly happy, Notre Dame philosophy Professor Alasdair MacIntyre said in the annual McMahon Aquinas lecture Wednesday evening at Saint Mary’s. The lecture, “How Truth Is Approached Through Error: Rereading Aquinas’s Project at ‘Summa Theologiae’ Ia-IIae, qq. 1 and 2,” explored the teachings and writings of 13th century theologian Saint Thomas Aquinas. MacIntyre began his lecture by discussing the way Aquinas approached philosophy. He said Aquinas first introduced readers to the false conclusions reached by earlier philosophers in order to engage readers in an ongoing philosophical discussion. “We as human beings are truth seekers,” he said. Self-defeating, error-prone truth seekers.” MacIntyre explained how Aquinas examined the natural human tendency to desire happiness in the “Summa Theologiae.” To Aquinas, happiness was defined as an achievement of the virtues, particularly the Beatitudes, but as MacIntrye said, this is a difficult concept for 21st-centruy readers to understand. “Happiness has become the name of a psychological state,” he said. MacIntyre said people are less happy because they have become “foolishly self-indulged.” He said people have become “burdened by the notion of happiness” and feel ashamed to admit to being unhappy. Instead, MacIntyre proposed that people, particularly college students, discredit the concept of needing to be happy at all times. He said it is helpful to be unhappy because through displeasure with the current self, a person may then be motivated to grow in virtue. Thomas Graff, a sophomore philosophy major at Notre Dame, said he enjoyed the lecture as an introduction to Aquinas. “I appreciated [MacIntyre’s] ability to not only effectively communicate the misconceptions of human happiness, but also to emphasize the importance of philosophy and virtue as primarily an individual pursuit,” Graff said.
Notre Dame students now will be able to track campus crime patterns faster and more efficiently than ever before, using a digital mapping service that updates automatically. Notre Dame Security Police (NDSP) recently launched a subscription with CrimeReports, a mapping service that tracks crimes in a user-designated area. NDSP Crime Prevention Officer Keri Kei Shibata said this new mapping service will be a valuable tool for members of the Notre Dame community. “The more information people have, the more they are able to make good decisions about how to live safely and what kind of safeguards to take,” Shibata said. “I think it’s good for the public.” NDSP Director Phil Johnson said the previous method of providing crime-tracking information students was done manually, and the information was released less often. “We would send you a safety beat each month,” he said. “We plotted the crime data onto a map. Now this will happen on an automatic interface that is routinely available quickly.” Shibata said one benefit of the program is students can register for free with the website and customize “neighborhoods” with geographic areas on campus they want to receive crime updates about. “What a ‘neighborhood’ does is it lets me see alerts about the crimes that I am interested in,” she said. “So if I want to only want to know about thefts in my residence hall, I can set it for the area around my residence hall and it will send me an email whenever a theft in my residence hall gets posted.” In addition to recognizing possible particular areas on campus where certain crimes such as theft may occur often, Johnson said he hopes NDSP may receive more tips as students become more aware of criminal activity on campus. “You may see something on here that you have information about and you contact us because you now know you have information about a reported crime,” he said. Shibata said the program’s launch has been in the works for a year. She said information from NDSP’s reporting system is pulled directly by CrimeReports daily at midnight. This information is then plotted using Google Maps. “I think it is more user-friendly,” she said. “Rather than going to a line of text, it is more visual.” Shibata said an additional benefit of the program is it releases information in a timely, accurate manner. “We may sometimes receive more information that changes the classification of a crime, and that will update on a map,” she said. Johnson said CrimeReports, which provides crime-plotting information for the United States and internationally, is also in the process of being launched by the South Bend Police Department. He said this would be a valuable information source for those who live off campus. “We think an informed campus constituency is safer,” Johnson said. “In particular for our South Bend faculty, staff, and students, if you hear a rumor about something happening in your neighborhood, you can look at the map and see nothing happened.” Rather than replacing any notification methods, Johnson said he views CrimeReports as a supplementary source of safety information. He said NDSP will continue to send out serious crime alerts as mandated by federal law through emergency messaging and ND Alert, the student notification system. “This is just one more tool in our communications resources to help us keep the community informed of what is happening and to help the community be aware of crimes so they can take steps to protect themselves,” Johnson said.
After the final home men’s basketball game of the season tonight, the Sophomore Class Council will host a knockout basketball tournament in the hopes of breaking a world record. Sophomore Krystal Alvarez, a class council and athletic committee member, said event organizers hope to have enough participants to enter the Guinness Book of World Records. “The tournament will take place right after the game is over on the court at Purcell Pavilion,” Alvarez said. “It’s a rare opportunity to play on the court and a chance to come together as a community to put Notre Dame in the record books.” Alvarez said Keough Hall rector Fr. Pete McCormick tried to hold a similar tournament on South Quad last spring, but only had 200 participants. “We need at least 380 participants to break the world record,” Alvarez said. “Hopefully playing on the court at Purcell Pavilion on Senior Night will be more of a draw.” Alvarez said the Sophomore Class Council decided to make the knockout tournament free of charge to anybody who attended the game to increase participation. The athletic committee came together with the Marketing and Ticketing Office at the Joyce Center to create a deal to promote even more participation, Alvarez said. “We were able to score a deal where the first 50 students who commit to participate in the knockout tournament and do not already have a ticket to the game will have the opportunity to purchase a five-dollar ticket instead of the full 15-dollar price to the game,” Alvarez said. Alvarez said the Sophomore Class Council hopes both students and fans are able to come together to get into the record books. “It’s not limited to student participation, it’s open to the community as well,” Alvarez said. “Anyone who attends the game is encouraged to participate.”
While many students spent yesterday afternoon in class or at lunch, junior Laura Corrigan and senior Cat Cleary advocated for equal pay. The Saint Mary’s students stood on the steps of the South Bend courthouse with Mayor Pete Buttigieg as he declared yesterday “Equal Pay Day.” “Equal Pay Day” is a recognized day across the nation intended to promote awareness for the fact women are paid less money than man, Cleary said. “It takes a woman 15 and a half months to earn what a man makes in a year,” she said. “Women earn 77 cents for every one dollar men earn. People will brush this issue off and say it isn’t relevant, but it is.” Corrigan and Cleary, sponsored by a grant provided by the American Association of University Women (AAUW), have been working all semester on projects and programs that promote the mission of the AAUW. “The mission of the AAUW is to break through barriers for girls and women,” Cleary said. During Spring Break, Cleary and Corrigan decided they wanted to devise a way to promote “Equal Pay Day” in the South Bend community. After reaching out to the local AAUW branch, the League of Women Voters of the South Bend area, the South Bend Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA) and the Gender and Women’s Studies Department at Indiana University South Bend, Corrigan and Cleary drafted a letter to Mayor Buttigieg. The letter requested the mayor commemorate April 17 and bring awareness to the issue. “We wanted to draw attention to this issue,” Corrigan said. “[Women] have a lifetime of earnings ahead of us. Think how much money that is – the wage gap really adds up.” At noon on Tuesday, the mayor honored the letter’s request. During a press conference with reporters, business men and women and other community leaders, Mayor Buttigieg declared April 17 “Equal Pay Day.” The declaration was in sync with other organizations, protests and events throughout the nation also dedicated to promoting equal pay. “We were one small part of a larger movement,” Cleary said. “There were larger movements occurring all across the country.” Corrigan and Cleary said the process was relatively smooth and they were not worried about making their hopes of “Equal Pay Day” in South Bend a reality. “I know Buttigieg is very committed to social issues,” Cleary said. “I wasn’t worried; I knew we would have his support for this issue.” Corrigan agreed with Cleary, saying Mayor Buttigieg was a valuable assets to their work to promote “Equal Pay Day” in South Bend. “[Buttigieg] said it was important that men should care about this issue, too,” she said. “It’s not just a woman’s issue. It is important that everyone is aware about this problem.” Contact Bridget Feeney at firstname.lastname@example.org
Former Notre Dame electrician Royce McDaniel Eck died Tuesday evening, according to a University press release. Eck was 92 years old.A World War II veteran, Eck spent two years in the Air Force before being discharged in 1946, according to his obituary in the South Bend Tribune. He went on to work at Notre Dame for 30 years before retiring in 1985.According to the Tribune, there will be a viewing at 10 a.m. Tuesday at the Rieth-Rohrer-Ehret Funeral Home in Goshen. Services will follow at 11 a.m. Eck’s family has asked that memorial donations be made to the Center for Hospice.Tags: electrician, Royce McDaniel Eck, Staff Death
Editor’s note: A version of this story appeared online April 1.When their time in office ended April 1, outgoing student body president and vice president Bryan Ricketts and Nidia Ruelas said they were proud of the work they did and excited for the work left to do. “It’s very bittersweet. I’m excited for Corey and Becca to get a start, for the cabinet to take on some issues that affect our students. I’m excited to get some time back to myself, but it’s also, as we’re getting ready and giving them all these transition materials and prepping … it’s bittersweet,” Ricketts said. Ricketts said the inability to continue working on the many initiatives set forth by their administration is frustrating; however, he said he is excited to see how the next administration steps up. “We’re putting together these materials on issues that are going on — I keep saying ‘Oh, I could do this,’ but no, I can’t anymore and that’s hard,” he said.Olivia Mikkelsen | The Observer Ruelas said it has been a privilege to serve as vice president for the past academic year. “I feel very proud of everything we’ve accomplished this year. We’ve had so many successes and failures. I think that in all of those, though, we’ve learned so much — about ourselves, about the people we work with — and I’d like to say that we’ve all grown, as individuals and as a group,” she said. In a high-pressure and result-driven environment, growth is something that is hard to quantify, Ruelas said.“It’s something you can’t put a timeline on, you can’t put any kind of measure or value on, but I feel very proud that we’ve come this far and been able to accomplish so much,” she said. Ricketts said he was happy with the execution of their campaign promise to promote sexual assault awareness.“With the ‘It’s on Us’ campaign out in the dorms and getting people talking about that and helping funnel them into the Green Dot program, I think we were very successful,” he said. “I’m happy with the work we did on our board report, researching and walking with survivors of sexual violence, in particular with the conduct process and the Title IX process and what we needed to improve with that.”The University has promised to release the campus climate survey results from last year, which Ricketts said was a major success for his administration. “I’m pretty happy on the transparency front as well,” he said. “Getting the promise of releasing the survey was huge. I think that was one of, if not our biggest goal. That’s all stuff to be proud of, I think.”Ruelas said the administration also made progress improving the climate at the University as it pertains to sexual assault. “From the prayer services, and getting students to attend those, to asking people to think about being active bystanders and understanding that it’s all on us as individuals to really make sure that we identify situations and step in … we’ve created a culture of caring, all the time — even when it’s the hardest thing to do,” she said. Ricketts said he has learned a lot about himself and grown as a leader during the past year.“I understand a lot more about who I am and what I want to accomplish, but also how to do all that through relationships — with the administrators, with the cabinet, with the people that aren’t in student government at all. You go back to at the end of the day and ask for help, and all those relationships were key,” Ricketts said. Ruelas said she also learned about the importance of relationships, particularly hers with the student body. “I’ve learned about how resilient we are as a student body, and how important that is to accomplishing our goals, and it really is that we hold each other accountable to a higher standard of character,” she said. “I think that that’s been super important, as we’ve had to learn for ourselves, and we’ve had to tap into that desire to always be better and that desire to always be the best people we can be.”As they leave office and the incoming Robinson-Blais administration takes over, Ricketts said he hopes that they have left a strong foundation, particularly in regards to the relationship between the University and South Bend. “I know [that relationship] is a major focus of so many people, Corey and Becca included, but also so many people across the community, and we’ve tried to get the word out there about South Bend,” Ricketts said. “… The future of Notre Dame is with the future of South Bend, and that’s become evidently clear. I hope we’ve left a good foundation for that to grow on.”Tags: Bryan Ricketts, Nidia Ruelas, Ricketts-Ruelas, Student government, student government turnover