The new library at Rhodes Universityis a world-class facility.(Image: Rhodes) MEDIA CONTACTS • Jeanne BergerDeputy Director: Library Services+27 46 603 8063 RELATED ARTICLES • Soweto’s state-of-the-art library • Rhodes hosts world journalism meet • First university for Mpumalanga • Open access to SA journals• Education focus of Mandela Day 2010Janine ErasmusThe new R75-million (US$11-million) library at Rhodes University opened earlier in November 2010, and is expected to significantly boost the learning environment and quality of graduates at the Eastern Cape institution.Speaking at the opening event, Minister of Higher Education and Training Blade Nzimande expressed his approval of the facility and said he was pleased by Rhodes’ commitment to building the library and fostering traditional ways of learning in today’s digital era.The value of a top-quality library that offers access to digital and printed learning resources, and will enhance both learning and research, cannot be understated, said Nzimande, adding that a good library is an important factor in the quality of teaching and research output, and will benefit academics, students and researchers.“I hope that this new library will be a central station for knowledge-building at Rhodes University,” said the minister. “Good libraries are a key of continued investment for universities.”Vice-Chancellor Dr Saleem Badat said earlier this year that the state-of-the-art library will play a vital role in the university’s goal of remaining “one of Africa’s outstanding universities, committed to the production of knowledge and graduates who are knowledgeable, critical, competent, ethical and compassionate”.Despite the fact that it’s a comparatively small university, Rhodes is one of the country’s top academic institutions in terms of research output, said Nzimande. “I have no doubt that the improvement of the library will allow this output to continue.”Cutting-edge facilitiesRhodes’ brand new facility, which covers an area of 4 500 square meters, has almost doubled the current library floor space. The previous library, which was severely overcrowded, with computer terminals vying for space among the books, is to be refurbished and will later house the greater part of the book collections.New features include a round-the-clock reading room, group study rooms, and a number of collections categorised under social sciences, science and pharmacy, commerce, and humanities and education.The as yet unnamed library offers seating for at least 20% of the student body, in line with international standards. The old building seated fewer than 10% of students.Students have the use of a 54-workstation information commons for online research, a 26-seat laboratory which offers information literacy training to users, and the much-lauded Carnegie Research Commons. This project received a R2.8-million ($407 493) grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York, which funds the establishment of learning institutions.The Research Commons accommodates about 40 staff and users. It offers a quiet space where senior students and academics can carry out their specialised work using cutting-edge electronic equipment, with experienced library assistants on hand to help with research. Scholars may also use a seminar room with audio-visual facilities.The building has been designed with care of the environment in mind. It features thicker, more insulating walls, an energy-efficient air-conditioning system, and an automated system that controls and optimises the flow of fresh air.Disabled and partially sighted users have not been neglected. “This is an area which I am particularly interested in,” said Nzimande, “as I have asked the Department of Higher Education and Training to highlight the needs of students and staff with disabilities.”Impressive achievementThe library’s budget was originally set at R86-milion ($12.5-million), but final costs are expected to total around R75-million, said Badat.He attributed this massive saving to sound management by the project team, well as key components that cost less than expected. He added that the achievement is all the more impressive because the bulk of planning and building took place during South Africa’s 2010 Fifa World Cup preparations, when the country was still struggling to climb out of a recession. Building started in 2008 and took about two years to complete.The national Department of Education granted R50-million ($7.3-million) on condition that Rhodes contributed the balance, whether by fundraising or from its own financial reserves.The university’s development office has managed to raise some R20-million ($3-million), but because the final costs should come in at 13% below budget, this means that just R5-million ($727 385) is outstanding.
3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Now IT + Project Management: A Love Affair Tags:#apache#GitHub#GPL#licensing#Open Source#Software Freedom Law Center Related Posts Not content to stop there, however, we seem to be entering a new phase: the no-license model. As free-software advocate Glyn Moody notes, “the logical conclusion of the move to more ‘permissive’ licences [is] one that permits everything.”While Moody talks about public domain software, the GitHub generation seems to be less fussy about legal mechanics.The GitHub License Black HoleAs Aaron Williamson, senior staff counsel with the Software Freedom Law Center, presented at this year’s Linux Collaboration Summit, the vast majority of projects on GitHub don’t appear to carry any license terms at all. (The Register‘s Neil McAllister offers a great summary.) GitHub has become the gathering point for modern open-source development, so it’s hugely significant that a mere 14.9% (219,326) of the 1,692,135 code repositories Williamson scanned had a file in their top-level directories that specified a license. In other words, the vast majority of code on GitHub isn’t necessarily open source. Or proprietary software. Or, well, anything. It’s just code.Redmonk analyst James Governor nailed this trend in 2012, arguing that “younger devs today are about POSS – Post open source software.” For such developers, Governor holds, licensing and governance are an afterthought: the code is all. Both Gartner and Forrester find that open source is booming precisely because developers want flexibility.Less licensing = more flexibility.Is Licensing Necessary?Not that this approach is unproblematic. Outercurve Foundation board member Stephen Walli posits that such “promiscuous” sharing without governance and licensing will lead to “software transmitted diseases.” But it’s unclear that the GitHub generation cares. Maybe they will. Maybe they’ll wake up and smell the need for licensing. Or maybe the project/company they create will attract the interest of a would-be buyer, and suddenly source code hygeine will matter. A lot. As a Black Duck study shows, open-source compliance is becoming an increasingly common question in mergers and acquisitions: But all is not lost. Berkholz analyzed a wide array of projects to determine the interplay between project size and licensing. As he summarizes, “as projects grow, they tend to sort out any licensing issues, likely because they get corporate users, professional developers, etc.”License rebels, in other words, tend to become less rebellious as their projects mature.Ultimately, then, we almost certainly don’t face an industry meltdown stemming from uncertain code provenance. Instead, we have a highly permissive license culture that helps to foster the development of code in the early phases of open-source development, which graduates to Apache-style licensing as projects catch on. Lawyers can rest easy.Lead image courtesy of Shutterstock. For years, the software industry has been trending away from so-called ‘copyleft’ licenses like the GNU General Public License (GPL) and toward permissive, Apache-style licensing. Given the rising importance of developers, this isn’t surprising: developers just want to get work done without being bogged down by license requirements. It’s perhaps not surprising, therefore, that permissive Apache licensing may simply be a way station on the road to no licensing at all.That’s what GitHub seems to be telling us, anyway.A Trend Toward Extreme PermissivenessEarly in the life of free and open-source software, copyleft licensing reigned supreme. But for years, permissive licenses like BSD and MIT have been climbing, as Redmonk analyst Donnie Berkholz nicely pictures: Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… Matt Asay Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of…
Deccan Chargers shocked title contenders Mumbai Indians beating them by 10 runs in an IPL match at the Wankhede Stadium in Mumbai on Saturday. Score | PhotosThe Chargers defended a modest score of 135 for six restricting the home team to 125 for eight in 20 overs. This was the second successive defeat for Mumbai who remain on 16 points while Deccan now have eight points from 12 matches.It was the expensive 20th over bowled by Munaf Patel that changed the complexion of the match. The India speedster gave away 23 runs which included a six hit by Shikhar Dhawan (27 not out 18 balls, 2×4, 1×6) and four consecutive boundaries hit by Man of the match Amit Mishra (18 not out, 6 balls, 4×4 and 1/18 from 4 overs).The final over also saw an ugly altercatyion between Munaf and Mishra after the latter was hit for boundaries. Both hurled choicest expletives at each other and it required the intervention from umpires to stop things from getting uglier.From 112 for six in 19th over, the Chargers moved to 135 for six.On a track that offered big turn to the spinners, Mumbai Indians batsmen including skipper Sachin Tendulkar (37, 42 balls, 3×4) were not in their element as they played as many as 60-odd dot balls.After part-time spinner Jean-Paul Duminy got rid off Aiden Blizzard cheaply, Ishant Sharma celebrated his return to the Indian ODI team dismissing the in-form Ambati Rayudu (2) and the dangerous IPL specialist Rohit Sharma (4).Losing three quick wickets with only 25 on board, Mumbai couldn’t really recover on a pitch where strokemaking was difficult.advertisementIf Ishant provided breakthroughs up the order, little-known Madhya Pradesh medium pacer Anand Rajan removed T Suman (14) and Tendulkar and Kieron Pollard (24, 13 balls, 3×4, 1×6) to return with figures of three for 27 from four overs.Pollard and Harbhajan Singh (17 not out) tried their best but it was a tall-order after the top-order put up a lousy show.Hyderabad inningsChoosing to bat first after winning the toss, Chargers got off to a poor start after Lasith Malinga castled opener Michael Lumb off the second ball for a duck. The wooden spooners in the competition never really got the momentum back.Sunny Sohal (20 in 22 balls) and captain Kumar Sangakkara (27 in 28 balls) added 39 runs for the second wicket in 7 overs but the Chargers lost three wickets for 24 runs in the middle overs and could never step on the pedal.Dan Christian (18 in 23 balls) and Dhawan, surprisingly coming lower down the order, added 28 runs for the sixth wicket. But it was the 30 runs that Mishra and Dhawan added in only 1.4 overs gave the total a semblance of respectability.For Mumbai Indians, Dhawal Kulkarni was the pick of the bowlers grabbing three for 26 while Malinga, Harbhajan Singh and Kieron Pollard also got a scalp apiece. Munaf, who had taken five wickets in the previous game, went wicket-less while giving away 37 runs.The Chargers had a dismal beginning when the left handed Lumb, playing his first game, was bowled neck and crop for a duck by Malinga off the second ball he faced when trying an ill-advised heave.Sohal, who opened with Lumb, showed his aggressive intent by swinging Munaf Patel for a six over mid wicket in the second over but overall the Mumbai bowling attack kept the rival batsmen under wraps with the first six over yielding only 32 runs.Skipper Sangakkara, the Chargers mainstay in batting and their highest run-getter, looked in good touch as he effortlessly lofted Harbhajan Singh for a straight six with perfect timing and then smacked Dhawal Kulkarni over the medium pacer’s head for a four.But Kulkarni exacted revenge soon by dismissing the rival team’s captain, Kieron Pollard again bringing off a superb catch by running backwards at cover point to make Chargers 39 for two.The 50 came up in the 9th over but with the run-rate not up to the mark Sohal departed in trying to up the pace caught by Andrew Symonds in Pollard’s first over.The under-performing Jean-Paul Duminy started encouragingly by cutting Harbhajan Singh for a four before he was deceived by a sharp turning ball from the off-spinner and was stumped to leave Chargers at a difficult 58 for 4 in the 11th over.The next three overs, with Malinga back into the attack, produced just 18 runs and with the scoring rate not up to the desired levels, Bharat Chipli tried to get after Kulkarni and paid the penalty by mistiming a pull-shot and was caught by Suman at short mid wicket.At 77 for 5 with only the last few overs remaining, the Chargers were looking headed to a score well short of the desired level on what appeared to be a good track.advertisementThey added 53 runs in the last five overs to give their bowlers a decent chance of defending.-With PTI inputs