College students should not feel the need to be constantly happy, Notre Dame philosophy Professor Alasdair MacIntyre said in the annual McMahon Aquinas lecture Wednesday evening at Saint Mary’s. The lecture, “How Truth Is Approached Through Error: Rereading Aquinas’s Project at ‘Summa Theologiae’ Ia-IIae, qq. 1 and 2,” explored the teachings and writings of 13th century theologian Saint Thomas Aquinas. MacIntyre began his lecture by discussing the way Aquinas approached philosophy. He said Aquinas first introduced readers to the false conclusions reached by earlier philosophers in order to engage readers in an ongoing philosophical discussion. “We as human beings are truth seekers,” he said. Self-defeating, error-prone truth seekers.” MacIntyre explained how Aquinas examined the natural human tendency to desire happiness in the “Summa Theologiae.” To Aquinas, happiness was defined as an achievement of the virtues, particularly the Beatitudes, but as MacIntrye said, this is a difficult concept for 21st-centruy readers to understand. “Happiness has become the name of a psychological state,” he said. MacIntyre said people are less happy because they have become “foolishly self-indulged.” He said people have become “burdened by the notion of happiness” and feel ashamed to admit to being unhappy. Instead, MacIntyre proposed that people, particularly college students, discredit the concept of needing to be happy at all times. He said it is helpful to be unhappy because through displeasure with the current self, a person may then be motivated to grow in virtue. Thomas Graff, a sophomore philosophy major at Notre Dame, said he enjoyed the lecture as an introduction to Aquinas. “I appreciated [MacIntyre’s] ability to not only effectively communicate the misconceptions of human happiness, but also to emphasize the importance of philosophy and virtue as primarily an individual pursuit,” Graff said.
Manchester United 3 QPR 1New manager Harry Redknapp watched from the stands as QPR produced a credible display despite suffering another defeat.Jamie Mackie gave them a shock lead seven minutes into the second half, tapping in the loose ball after Kieron Dyer’s cross-shot had been parried by keeper Anders Lindegaard.Manchester United hit back with three goals in the space of eight minutes – and yet again it was set pieces that proved to be Rangers’ undoing.Jonny Evans applied the finishing touch from a yard out to equalise after Wayne Rooney’s corner had been headed down by Danny Welbeck.And Darren Fletcher headed home another Rooney corner to put Sir Alex Ferguson’s men ahead.Javier Hernandez made the game safe for United with a composed strike after Anderson had run at the wilting R’s defence.Redknapp inherits a struggling side from Mark Hughes, whose team selection – made before he was fired on Friday morning – reflected the Welshman’s desire to get back to basics with the help of Rangers’ most trusted players.Esteban Granero was dropped to the bench along with Anton Ferdinand, Junior Hoilett and Samba Diakite.Stalwarts Clint Hill, Shaun Derry and Jamie Mackie were given starting places, while Stephane Mbia returned from a three-match ban and Dyer after his latest injury.The changes had a noticeable effect, with Rangers much more solid than their thrown-together band of big-name signings have been so far this season.A great last-ditch challenge by Derry thwarted Paul Scholes, while Robin van Persie and Ashley Young both fired wide as United dominated much of the first half.Rangers threatened on the counter-attack and had the ball in the net when Mackie headed in from Djibril Cisse’s cross, but the effort was rightly ruled out for offside.But there was no room for doubt when Mackie was on hand to open the scoring and stun Old Trafford.Ferguson responded with a double change, sending on Hernandez and Anderson.By the 68th minute his team were in front and in the 72nd they scored again, Hernandez finishing nicely after being set up by his fellow substitute.QPR: Julio Cesar, Dyer, Hill, Nelsen, Mbia, Traore (Ferdinand 61), Derry, Faurlin (Granero 84), Mackie, Taarabt (Hoilett 73), Cisse. Subs not used: Green, Diakite, Wright-Phillips, Ephraim. 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
This article is only available to GBA Prime Members Start Free Trial Already a member? Log in Energy auditors and insulation contractors have been using infrared cameras to diagnose home-performance problems for over 30 years. Without opening up your walls or ceilings for inspection, a trained specialist can use one of these cameras to locate insulation voids, air leaks, moisture intrusion, thermal bypasses, and thermal bridges. It’s even possible to use an infrared camera to locate leaks in hydronic tubing embedded in a slab.These tools are known by a variety of names, including infrared (IR) cameras, thermographic scanners, and thermal imaging devices. An image produced by such a camera is called a thermogram, and a trained user of the device is called a thermographer.Although many people assume that infrared cameras measure surface temperatures, that’s not really how the tools work. An IR camera actually measures the intensity of infrared radiation (radiant energy) being emitted by the surface it is aimed at.Academic researchers began using infrared cameras to diagnose thermal envelope defects in the late 1970s, using cameras that cost more than $25,000 each. The cameras were cumbersome devices that were cooled by liquid nitrogen.MORE INFORMATIONGBA Product Guide: Infrared CamerasRESNET Interim Guidelines for Thermographic Inspections of Buildings“Getting Started in Infrared” by John SnellSolving Moisture Mysteries with an Infrared CameraThermographic Inspections“How to Conduct a Roof Moisture Inspection Using Infrared Thermography”“Infrared Guidebook For Building Applications”Blower Door BasicsAs new models of IR cameras were developed, prices began to drop. Gautam Dutt, one of the original “house doctors” at Princeton University, recalls, “For an infrared camera, we used a Magnavox unit marketed by Aga, the Aga 110. It cost about $13,000. It was expensive equipment, but it was cost-effective. The first thermal bypasses that I discovered took me weeks to discover, crawling through attics. Another one of our teams,… Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details.
3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Now IT + Project Management: A Love Affair Tags:#apache#GitHub#GPL#licensing#Open Source#Software Freedom Law Center Related Posts Not content to stop there, however, we seem to be entering a new phase: the no-license model. As free-software advocate Glyn Moody notes, “the logical conclusion of the move to more ‘permissive’ licences [is] one that permits everything.”While Moody talks about public domain software, the GitHub generation seems to be less fussy about legal mechanics.The GitHub License Black HoleAs Aaron Williamson, senior staff counsel with the Software Freedom Law Center, presented at this year’s Linux Collaboration Summit, the vast majority of projects on GitHub don’t appear to carry any license terms at all. (The Register‘s Neil McAllister offers a great summary.) GitHub has become the gathering point for modern open-source development, so it’s hugely significant that a mere 14.9% (219,326) of the 1,692,135 code repositories Williamson scanned had a file in their top-level directories that specified a license. In other words, the vast majority of code on GitHub isn’t necessarily open source. Or proprietary software. Or, well, anything. It’s just code.Redmonk analyst James Governor nailed this trend in 2012, arguing that “younger devs today are about POSS – Post open source software.” For such developers, Governor holds, licensing and governance are an afterthought: the code is all. Both Gartner and Forrester find that open source is booming precisely because developers want flexibility.Less licensing = more flexibility.Is Licensing Necessary?Not that this approach is unproblematic. Outercurve Foundation board member Stephen Walli posits that such “promiscuous” sharing without governance and licensing will lead to “software transmitted diseases.” But it’s unclear that the GitHub generation cares. Maybe they will. Maybe they’ll wake up and smell the need for licensing. Or maybe the project/company they create will attract the interest of a would-be buyer, and suddenly source code hygeine will matter. A lot. As a Black Duck study shows, open-source compliance is becoming an increasingly common question in mergers and acquisitions: But all is not lost. Berkholz analyzed a wide array of projects to determine the interplay between project size and licensing. As he summarizes, “as projects grow, they tend to sort out any licensing issues, likely because they get corporate users, professional developers, etc.”License rebels, in other words, tend to become less rebellious as their projects mature.Ultimately, then, we almost certainly don’t face an industry meltdown stemming from uncertain code provenance. Instead, we have a highly permissive license culture that helps to foster the development of code in the early phases of open-source development, which graduates to Apache-style licensing as projects catch on. Lawyers can rest easy.Lead image courtesy of Shutterstock. For years, the software industry has been trending away from so-called ‘copyleft’ licenses like the GNU General Public License (GPL) and toward permissive, Apache-style licensing. Given the rising importance of developers, this isn’t surprising: developers just want to get work done without being bogged down by license requirements. It’s perhaps not surprising, therefore, that permissive Apache licensing may simply be a way station on the road to no licensing at all.That’s what GitHub seems to be telling us, anyway.A Trend Toward Extreme PermissivenessEarly in the life of free and open-source software, copyleft licensing reigned supreme. But for years, permissive licenses like BSD and MIT have been climbing, as Redmonk analyst Donnie Berkholz nicely pictures: Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… Matt Asay Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of…
Journalists in the Valley took out a protest march here against the continued suspension of internet services which completed 100 days on Tuesday since the abrogation of the Jammu and Kashmir’s special status on August 5.Scores of journalists working with different media organisations assembled at the Kashmir Press Club here and took out a protest march against the snapping of internet services in the Valley on the night of August 4, hours before the Centre revoked the state’s special status under Article 370 and abrogated it into two Union Territories.The journalists demanded immediate restoration of the services to facilitate the media persons to discharge their professional duties.“We took out the protest against the suspension of internet services for 100 days now. Internet is a basic took for journalists to discharge their professional duties and we demand its immediate restoration,” senior journalist Pervez Bukhari told reporters after the protest.The Centre’s August 5 decision led to an unannounced shutdown in the valley even as authorities imposed severe restrictions, including on communication, which were later gradually eased out.Postpaid mobile services on all networks were restored in the Valley on October 14, 72 days after they were snapped.However, pre-paid mobile phones and all internet services continue to remain suspended since August 5.The government has set up a ‘Media Facilitation Centre’ at a conference hall of a local hotel here for journalists to discharge their professional duties. But the media persons complain that it has not enough computers and they have to wait for hours for their turn.