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What to keep


first_img Related A day of reckoning Niang said that although the descendants of those who were enslaved are French citizens and have been for generations, anti-racist efforts like her petition are viewed as unpatriotic and complicated by a centralized education system resistant to change. “To touch on this subject is to touch the Republic,” she said.Araujo and Niang agreed the way forward starts by adding context. “The nation is what we collectively forget versus what we remember,” Niang said. “We have to talk about Haiti. We have to talk about Toussaint. We have to talk about the colonies.”This is particularly important in areas associated with slavery. In Bristol, Araujo said, the Georgian House Museum now showcases the role of the enslaved Pero Jones alongside that of the house’s owner, John Pinney; nearby, Pero’s Bridge also memorializes the enslaved man. Liverpool, a major port for the Atlantic slave trade, now has an International Slavery Museum. Considered an “activist museum,” it has Black curators and hosts commemoration events. “It’s not very big,” Araujo said. “But it’s an important step, arising from the demands of activists.”However, the battle over existing monuments continues. Calling it “a fight for symbolic reparations,” Araujo ties it to ongoing struggles against racism and for inclusion. “It’s all about not what’s happening in the past but what’s happening in the present, a battle to see who is going to occupy this public space.”“From Bristol to D.C., this is not a ‘cancel culture’ nor a vengeful request,” said Niang. “What we need, at least in France, is to try to get as many people as possible around the table. It is hard, but we need to have a conversation.” Pushing to end myth of Columbus and honor history of Indigenous peoples Who owns the public space, and who should be represented within it — and how? The questions have relevance within and beyond America’s borders, and they are at the forefront of movements to remove or rebrand monuments and public art that commemorate historical figures associated with slavery, colonialism, and racism.On Wednesday, Ana Lucia Araujo, professor of history at Howard University, and Mame-Fatou Niang, associate professor of French and francophone studies at Carnegie Mellon University, discussed both the history and the way forward during “Race and Remembrance in Contemporary Europe,” presented by the Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies (CES).Introducing the Zoom discussion as a reassessment of “monuments and memorialization in Europe,” Mary D. Lewis, Robert Walton Goelet Professor of French History and CES resident faculty, described ongoing and international turbulence as activists seek to present a more complete picture of their countries’ history. “Silencing is an active process,” said Lewis, referencing the Haitian anthropologist Michel-Rolph Trouillot.The past summer’s Black Lives Matter demonstrations in the U.S. inspired activists around the world, the scholars said. In the United Kingdom, protesters tore down a statue of the slave trader Edward Colston and tossed it in Bristol harbor. In the U.S., activists have taken down similar monuments or transformed them, such as by projecting images of Rep. John Lewis, Martin Luther King Jr., Harriet Tubman, and W.E.B. Du Bois on a statue of Robert E. Lee in Richmond, Va. Around the world, activists and protesters are pushing for reassessment and removal of such problematic pieces.Removing public art that has outlived its political relevance is nothing new, Araujo said. During the American Revolution, statues of England’s king were torn down, and monuments in former Eastern Bloc countries were toppled as the Communist regime crumbled. Statues of people who ruled or grew rich by exploiting Black lives, however, are harder to fell, and their continued survival supports and perpetuates bias and national myths. Commemorating such people in public spaces engages and encourages white supremacists, said Araujo, whose most recent book is “Slavery in the Age of Memory Engaging the Past.” She said artwork celebrating slavers ties in with “the ways white supremacy denies racism.”Scholars Mame-Fatou Niang of Carnegie Mellon University (clockwise from upper left), Mary D. Lewis of Harvard, and Ana Lucia Araujo of Howard University spoke at the “Race and Remembrance in Contemporary Europe” event.Statues of prominent slave traders or slave holders did not begin to acknowledge the roots of their riches or power until the 1990s, Araujo said. Public art that decried slavery tended to focus on white abolitionists, rather than enslaved individuals and their descendants. “The public memory of slavery remains a contested battlefield,” she said.In France, said Niang, the battle is particularly heated, as discussions of slavery and colonialism are often taken as an attack on the country. Slavery, for example, is taught as a foreign evil, focusing on countries like Brazil and the U.S., while the domestic focus is kept on abolition. As for its monuments, President Emmanuel Macron has said that France will “erase no trace or names of its history, it will forget none of its works, it will tear down none of its statues.”Following the recent beheading of teacher Samuel Paty by a teenage Islamist extremist, this stance has hardened. The murder was seen as a direct assault on France and Republican values such as laïcité (secularism) and freedom of speech. Since Paty’s death, questioning the Republic has risked being interpreted as condoning terrorism.Niang has herself been threatened because of her anti-racist work. The co-director of “Mariannes Noires,” a 2017 documentary about the mosaic identities of Afro-French women, Niang spearheaded a petition to remove a Hervé Di Rosa fresco from the French National Assembly. Created to commemorate the bicentennial of France’s abolition of slavery in 1794, the work uses racist stereotypes to depict enslaved Africans. Must we allow symbols of racism on public land? Legal scholar and historian puts the push to remove Confederate statues in context last_img read more


City sign Unal


first_img Unal, who has one senior international cap, built a strong reputation in youth football. He scored 24 goals in 25 games for Turkey’s under-16 side and in 2013, at the age of 16, became the youngest goalscorer in the Turkish top flight when he struck against Galatasaray. Manchester City have completed the transfer of highly-rated Turkey striker Enes Unal from Bursaspor for a reported fee of around £2million. The 18-year-old is City’s first major signing of the summer having completed formalities with the club over the weekend. City tweeted: “Manchester City are pleased to announce the signing of Turkey international striker Enes Unal from @BursasporSk.” center_img Press Associationlast_img read more


State plans to appeal exam ruling


first_imgO’Connell authored the exit exam legislation while he was a state senator and has been a strong advocate of the requirement. He said the exam is the only way for students to demonstrate they have learned the curriculum. But some Whittier-area educators worried the rapidly unfolding legal developments will result in anxiety and uncertainty among seniors who have yet to pass the exam. “The unfortunate part about this is that it puts students on an emotional roller-coaster,” said Ralph Pacheco, a trustee on the Whittier Union High School District school board. “One day it appears they can participate in graduation, and on another day it could be just the opposite. “That’s unfortunate for families who obviously would like to see their students walk on graduation day,” he added. About 200 area seniors in the El Rancho Unified School District, the Norwalk-La Mirada Unified School District and the Whittier Union High School Districts have yet to pass both portions of the exit exam, officials said. Officials at all three districts also are awaiting results of the exit exam taken by students in March. Those results could show that more students have now passed the exam. Confusion also is trickling down to high school juniors who have yet to pass the exam. Those students can enroll in summer classes that provide additional tutoring to help them pass the exam, local officials said. But the deadline to sign up for those classes is rapidly approaching, even as the future of the exit exam is in limbo. “If I was a parent of a junior, or a student who is a junior, I’d be asking, `Should I attend summer school?”‘ said Ron Carruth, superintendent of the Whittier Union High School District. “We don’t really want to see that kind of confusion now,” he added. Wire reports contributed to this story. [email protected] (562) 698-0955, Ext. 3051160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! WHITTIER – The state will appeal a judge’s suspension of the high school exit exam to the California Supreme Court, state Superintendent of Public Instruction Jack O’Connell said Thursday. But O’Connell said attorneys are still working on that appeal and advised school districts to follow the ruling for now. Alameda County Superior Court Judge Robert Freedman last week granted a preliminary injunction against the state in a lawsuit that claims the exit exam discriminates against poor and minority students who do not have the same preparation for the test. The ruling cleared the way for about 200 Whittier-area seniors who have met every other graduation requirement except passing the exit exam to graduate next month. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBasketball roundup: Sierra Canyon, Birmingham set to face off in tournament quarterfinalsO’Connell said the Attorney General’s Office, which is arguing the case on behalf of the state Department of Education, will request an immediate stay of the ruling, so the exit exam can take effect for this year’s senior class. “They are working around the clock to prepare those papers, and we expect to file within 24 to 30hours,” O’Connell said Thursday morning outside the Supreme Court. “This is a remarkably fast turnaround for an appeal of a ruling that was made less than a week ago. … I am hopeful that our appeal to the state Supreme Court will bring quick resolution to this issue.” As of March, about 47,000seniors in California have yet to pass both sections of the math and English test – roughly 11 percent of the senior class. The Class of 2006 was supposed to be the first required to pass the exam to receive a diploma. A group of seniors sued the state in February, asking for an injunction barring the exit exam from taking effect until a judge can decide on their claim that all students do not have access to equal education in California. last_img